Location in packages is usually
/etc/munin/ while if compiled from source it is often found in
The structure is:
- One general/global section
- Zero or more group section(s)
- One or more host section(s)
Group and host sections are defined by declaring the group or host name in brackets. Everything under a section definition belongs to that section, until a new group or host section is defined.
As the global section is not defined through brackets, it must be found prior to any group or host sections. It will not work if you place them in later sections of the config file. We recommend to use the delivered munin.conf file and adapt it to your needs.
Global directives affect all munin master components unless specified otherwise.
The directory where munin stores its database files (Default:
/var/lib/munin). It must be writable for the user running munin-cron. RRD files are placed in subdirectories $dbdir/$domain/
The directory where munin stores its logfiles (Default:
/var/log/munin). It must be writable by the user running munin-cron.
Directory for files tracking munin’s current running state. Default:
Directories for templates used by munin-httpd to generate HTML pages. Default
Where to look for the static www files.
Temporary cgi files are here. It has to be writable by the cgi user (For Munin stable 2.0 usually
(Exactly one) directory to include all files from. Default
Sets the local IP address that munin-update should bind to when contacting the nodes. May be used several times (one line each) on a multi-homed host. Should default to the most appropriate interface, based on routing decision.
This directive can be overwritten via settings on lower hierarchy levels (group, node).
This directive determines whether munin-update fork when gathering information from nodes. Default is “yes”.
If you set it to “no” munin-update will collect data from the nodes in sequence. This will take more time, but use less resources. Not recommended unless you have only a handful of nodes.
This directive determines how long munin-update allows a worker to fetch data from a single node. Default is “180”.
The palette used by munin-httpd to color the graphs. The “default” palette has more colors and better contrast than the “old” palette.
rrggbb rrggbb ...¶
The user defined custom palette used by munin-httpd to color the graphs. This option overrides the existing palette. The palette must be space-separated 24-bit hex color code.
You can choose the time reference for “DERIVE” like graphs, and show “per minute” =>
minute, “per hour” =>
hourvalues instead of the default “per second”.
Available since Munin 1.4.0. Maximum number of parallel processes used by munin-graph when calling rrdgraph. The optimal number is very hard to guess and depends on the number of cores of CPU, the I/O bandwidth available, if you have SCSI or (S)ATA disks and so on. You will need to experiment. Set on the command line with the
-n noption. Set to 0 for no forking.
munin-cgi-graph is invoked by the web server up to very many times at the same time. This is not optimal since it results in high CPU and memory consumption to the degree that the system can thrash. Again the default is 6. Most likely the optimal number for
max_cgi_graph_jobsis the same as
If the automatic CGI url is wrong for your system override it here.
The max width of images in pixel. Default is 4000. Do not make it too large otherwise RRD might use all RAM to generate the images.
The max height of images in pixel. Default is 4000. Do not make it too large otherwise RRD might use all RAM to generate the images.
In Munin stable 2.0 graphics files are generated either via cron or by a CGI process. See Dynamic generation of munin graphs and html in the wiki for more documentation. Since 2.0, munin-graph has been rewritten to use the cgi code. It is single threaded by design now.
In Munin stable 2.0 HTML files are normally generated by munin-html, no matter if the files are used or not. You can change this to on-demand generation by following the instructions in the wiki
- moving to CGI for HTML means you cannot have graph generated by cron.
- cgi html has some bugs, mostly you still have to launch munin-html by hand
munin-update runs in parallel.
The default max number of processes is 16, and is probably ok for you. Should be not higher than 4 x CPU cores.
If set too high, it might hit some process/ram/filedesc limits. If set too low, munin-update might take more than 5 min. If you want munin-update to not be parallel set it to 1.
RRD updates are per default, performed directly on the rrd files. To reduce IO and enable the use of the rrdcached, uncomment it and set it to the location of the socket that rrdcached uses.
This directive sets the resolution of the RRD files that are created by munin-update.
Default is “normal”.
“huge” saves the complete data with 5 minute resolution for 400 days.
With “custom” you can define your own resolution. See the instruction on custom RRD sizing for the details.
Changing this directive has no effect on existing graphs
Define which contact command to run. See the tutorial Let Munin croak alarm for detailed instruction about the configuration.
Text to pipe into the command.
Close (and reopen) command after given number of messages. E.g. if set to 1 for an email target, Munin sends 1 email for each warning/critical. Useful when relaying messages to external processes that may handle a limited number of simultaneous warnings.
The name of the secure shell command to use. Can be fully qualified or looked up in $PATH.
Defaults to “ssh”.
The options for the secure shell command.
Defaults are “-o ChallengeResponseAuthentication=no -o StrictHostKeyChecking=no”. Please adjust this according to your desired security level.
With the defaults, the master will accept and store the node ssh host keys with the first connection. If a host ever changes its ssh host keys, you will need to manually remove the old host key from the ssh known hosts file. (with: ssh-keygen -R <node-hostname>, as well as ssh-keygen -R <node-ip-address>)
You can remove “StrictHostKeyChecking=no” to increase security, but you will have to manually manage the known hosts file. Do so by running “ssh <node-hostname>” manually as the munin user, for each node, and accept the ssh host keys.
If you would like the master to accept all node host keys, even when they change, use the options “-o UserKnownHostsFile=/dev/null -o StrictHostKeyChecking=no -o PreferredAuthentications=publickey”.
<group1> <group2> ..¶
Change the order of domains/groups. Default: Alphabetically sorted
If you want to set directives on the group level you have to start the group section with the groups name in square brackets.
<node1> <node2> ..¶
Changes the order of nodes in a domain. Default: Alphabetically sorted.
<no|your_contact_name1 your_contact_name2 ...>¶
A list of contacts used by munin-limits to report values passing the warning and critical thresholds.
If set to something else than “no”, names a list of contacts which should be notified for this node. Default is “no” and then all defined contacts will get informed when values go over or below thresholds.
This directive can be overwritten via settings on lower levels of the hierarchy (node, plugin).
Node definitions can have several types. In all forms, the definition is used to generate the node name and group for the node, and the following lines define its directives. All following directives apply to that node until another node definition or EOF.
When defining a nodename it is vital that you use a standard DNS name, as in, one that uses only “a-z”, “-“, and “.”. While other characters can be used in a DNS name, it is against the RFC, and Munin uses the other characters as delimiters. If they appear in nodenames, unexpected behavior may occur.
The simplest node definition defines the section for a new node by simply wrapping the DNS name of
the node in brackets, e.g.
[machine1.example.com]. This will add the node machine1.example.com
to the group example.com.
The next form of definition is used to define the node and group explicitly. It follows the form
[example.com;machine1.sub.example.com]. This adds the node machine1.sub.example.com to the
group example.com. This can be useful if you have machines you want to put together as a group
that are under different domains (as in the given example). This can also solve a problem if your
machine is example.com, where having a group of com makes little sense.
A deeper hierarchy can be specified by using a list of groups, separated with “;”. For example:
These are directives that can follow a node definition and will apply only to that node.
Specifies the host name or IP address, with an optional scheme.
Permitted schemes are “munin://”, “ssh://” or “cmd://”. If no scheme is specified, the default is “munin://”
The port number of the node. Ignored if using alternate transport. Default is “4949”.
Overrides the name supplied by the node. Allowed values: “yes” and “no”. Defaults to “no”.
Used by munin-limits.
If set, changes the name by which the node presents itself when warning through munin-limits.
This directive can also be used on hiearchy level plugin to change the name by which the plugin presents itself when warning through
If set, ignore any unknown values reported by the node. Allowed values are “yes” and “no”. Defaults to “no”.
Useful when a node is expected to be off-line frequently.
These directives follow a node definition and are of the form “plugin.directive <value>”.
Using these directives you can override various directives for a plugin, such as its contacts, and can also be used to create graphs containing data from other plugins.
The graph height for a specific service. Default is 200.
For a complete list see the reference of global plugin attributes.
These directives follow a node definition and are of the form “plugin.field <value>”.
Using these directives you can override values originally set by plugins on the nodes, such as warning and critical levels or graph names.
The value at which munin-limits will mark the service as being in a warning state. Value can be a single number to specify a limit that must be passed or they can be a comma separated pair of numbers defining a valid range of values.
The value at which munin-limits will mark the service as being in a critical state. Value can be a single number to specify a limit that must be passed or they can be a comma separated pair of numbers defining a valid range of values.
For a complete list see the reference of plugin data source attributes.
A minimal configuration file, using default settings for everything, and specifying three nodes.
[mail.example.com] address mail.example.com [web.example.com] address web.example.com [munin.example.com] address localhost
A virtual node definition. Disable update, and make a graph consisting of data from other graphs.
[example.com;Totals] update no load.graph_title Total load load.sum_load.label load load.sum_load.special_stack mail=mail.example.com web=web.example.com munin=munin.example.com
The scheme tells munin how to connect to munin nodes.
The munin:// scheme is default, if no scheme is specified. By default, Munin will connect to the munin node with TCP on port 4949.
The following examples are equivalent:
# master: /etc/munin/munin.conf.d/node.example.conf [mail.site2.example.org] address munin://mail.site2.example.org [mail.site2.example.org] address munin://mail.site2.example.org:4949 [mail.site2.example.org] address mail.site2.example.org [mail.site2.example.org] address mail.site2.example.org port 4949
To connect to a munin node through a shell command, use the “cmd://” prefix.
# master: /etc/munin/munin.conf.d/node.example.conf [mail.site2.example.org] address cmd:///usr/bin/munin-async [...]
To connect through ssh, use the “ssh://” prefix.
# master: /etc/munin/munin.conf.d/node.example.conf [mail.site2.example.org] address ssh://bastion.site2.example.org/bin/nc mail.site2.example.org 4949 [www.site2.example.org] address ssh://bastion.site2.example.org/bin/nc www.site2.example.org 4949
When using the ssh:// transport, you can configure how ssh behaves by editing ~munin/.ssh/config. See the ssh transport configuration examples.